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Boydton Wednesday 27 Sep 2023
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Understanding Atrial Fibrillation: A Focus on Prevention and Treatment

By BNN Newsroom
Understanding Atrial Fibrillation: A Focus on Prevention and Treatment
Understanding Atrial Fibrillation: A Focus on Prevention and Treatment

Atrial Fibrillation: A Global Concern

Atrial fibrillation, often referred to as arrhythmia, is a heart condition that affects approximately 35 million people worldwide. This irregular and often rapid heart rate can lead to severe health problems such as thromboembolism, strokes, and heart attacks. Recognizing the magnitude of this condition, renowned cardiologist Dr. Alexander Myasnikov has come forward with valuable advice on the prevention and treatment of atrial fibrillation.

The Threat of Thromboembolism and Strokes

Dr. Myasnikov emphasizes the urgent need to prevent thromboembolism, a blood clot that forms in a blood vessel and moves through the bloodstream to obstruct another vessel. He reveals that without appropriate preventive measures, 15% of patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation will suffer a stroke within a year of the onset of the condition. To combat this, he strongly recommends immediate and lifelong intake of anticoagulants (blood thinners) to patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation.

The Role of Anticoagulants

While some patients might find relief with simple medications like aspirin, the majority of atrial fibrillation patients require powerful anticoagulants. This is non-negotiable according to Dr. Myasnikov. He also highlights the fact that untreated hypertension often leads to atrial fibrillation, and thus such patients should strictly control their blood pressure with medication.

Restoring Heart Rhythm: Is it Always Necessary?

Dr. Myasnikov notes that restoring the heart’s rhythm is not always necessary. If the heart rate is not high and the patient subjectively tolerates interruptions well, then the decision to restore rhythm involves weighing the potential harm of the arrhythmia itself versus the side effects of antiarrhythmic drugs, which can sometimes be life-threatening.

Living with Atrial Fibrillation

In conclusion, while arrhythmia can be dangerous, Dr. Myasnikov asserts that with the constant intake of anticoagulants, the risk of thromboembolism is significantly reduced. He urges readers to consider how they are managing their heart arrhythmia, emphasizing the need for preventive measures and medication control. With the right approach and treatment, atrial fibrillation can be managed effectively, reducing the risk of severe complications and improving the quality of life for patients.


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